History's Most Ethically
Challenged Scientists Will
Give You Nightmares For

Science has pretty much changed our world … mostly for the better. But there's a dark side to this field and some scientists chose to leave their ethics at the door before conducting some of the most controversial experiments in human history.

Giovanni Aldini

Giovanni-Aldini-mad-scientist Credit

This mad scientist applied conducting rods on hung murderer George Forster's rectum and used electricity to essentially reanimate him in front of a live audience. The corpse started to punch, kick and flinch. Eventually his left eye popped open from the stimulation, horrifying one spectator to death shortly after.

Vladimir Demikhov

Vladimir-Demikhov-two-headed-dog-experiment Credit

In 1954, Vladimir Demikhov grafted the head of a puppy onto a German shepherd's neck. Eventually, the animals died from tissue rejection. But the Soviet surgeon managed to create 19 more of these pet Frankensteins.

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